leptin b and its regeneration enhancer illustrate the regenerative features of zebrafish hearts.

Titleleptin b and its regeneration enhancer illustrate the regenerative features of zebrafish hearts.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsShin, K, Begeman, IJ, Cao, J, Kang, J
JournalDev Dyn
Date Published2022 Dec 10

BACKGROUND: Zebrafish possess a remarkable regenerative capacity, which is mediated by the induction of various genes upon injury. Injury-dependent transcription is governed by the tissue regeneration enhancer elements (TREEs). Here, we utilized leptin b (lepb), an injury-specific factor, and its TREE to dissect heterogeneity of non-cardiomyocytes (CMs) in regenerating hearts.

RESULTS: Our single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis demonstrated that the endothelium/endocardium(EC) is activated to induce distinct subpopulations upon injury. We demonstrated that lepb can be utilized as a regeneration-specific marker to subset injury-activated ECs. lepb+ ECs robustly induce pro-regenerative factors, implicating lepb+ ECs as a signaling center to interact with other cardiac cells. Our scRNA-seq analysis identified that lepb is also produced by subpopulation of epicardium (Epi) and epicardium-derived cells (EPDCs). To determine whether lepb labels injury-emerging non-CM cells, we tested the activity of lepb-linked regeneration enhancer (LEN) with chromatin accessibility profiles and transgenic lines. While non-detectable in uninjured hearts, LEN directs EC and Epi/EPDC expression upon injury. The endogenous LEN activity was assessed using LEN deletion lines, demonstrating that LEN deletion abolished injury-dependent expression of lepb, but not other nearby genes.

CONCLUSIONS: Our integrative analyses identify regeneration-emerging cell-types and factors, leading to the discovery of regenerative features of hearts. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Alternate JournalDev Dyn
PubMed ID36495292