Impact of sleep deprivation on neurocognition and inflammation in rhesus macaques.

TitleImpact of sleep deprivation on neurocognition and inflammation in rhesus macaques.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsPromsote, W, Chumpolkulwong, K, Musich, T, Corley, MJ, Ndhlovu, LC, Sopanaporn, J, Inthawong, D, Nadee, P, Silsorn, D, Sirisrisopa, S, Wongsawanonkul, S, Parsons, MS, Cowden, J, Imerbsin, R, Lugo-Roman, L, Vasan, S, Hsu, DC
JournalBrain Behav Immun Health
Date Published2023 Nov

Sleep deprivation in humans is associated with both cognitive impairment and immune dysregulation. An animal model of neuropathogenesis may provide insight to understand the effects of sleep deprivation on the brain. Human neurocognition is more closely mirrored by nonhuman primates (NHP) than other animals. As such, we developed an NHP model to assess the impact of sleep deprivation on neurocognition and markers of systemic immune activation. Six male rhesus macaques underwent three rounds of sleep deprivation (48 h without sleep) at days 0, 14, and 28. We performed domain specific cognitive assessments using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) via a touch screen before and after 24 and 48 h of sleep deprivation. Immune activation markers were measured in the blood by multiplex assay and flow cytometry. Although we observed variability in cognitive performance between the three rounds of sleep deprivation, cognitive impairments were identified in all six animals. We noted more cognitive impairments after 48 h than after 24 h of sleep deprivation. Following 48 h of sleep deprivation, elevations in markers of immune activation in the blood were observed in most animals. The observed impairments largely normalized after sleep. The co-occurrence of systemic immune alterations and cognitive impairment establishes this model as useful for studying the impact of sleep deprivation on neurobehavior and immune perturbations in rhesus macaques.

Alternate JournalBrain Behav Immun Health
PubMed ID37701789
PubMed Central IDPMC10493883